Starting Seeds Indoors

Spring is right around the corner, and you know what that means…. Time to think about starting seeds indoors! I know it might seem a little hard to believe, but even though it’s so cold outside, you can still get your grow on.

Get a Head Start on Harvesting

Right now, here in Virginia Beach, it is definitely too cold to think about planting most seeds. The soil needs to warm up for seed germination, and we need to make sure we have seen the last of frosty nights. Seedlings cannot handle the up and down weather we’ve been having. That darn VB weather – 70 degrees one day and 30 the next!

But lucky us, we have the capabilities of creating a micro-climate inside our homes. These mini environments will be just enough to get seeds started until conditions outside are just right. If vegetable seeds are planted inside, they will get a jump-start compared to waiting for the soil to warm up to the point where they could be directly sowed. By starting your seeds indoors now, you will be harvesting earlier and for a longer period of time!

Click here to read more about how to determine when to start your seeds indoors.

How to Start Seeds Indoors


You’re going to want to begin by collecting your seeds. I like to save my seeds when I harvest, so I have a bunch that I basically got for free. If I want to grow something I didn’t grow in the past or I didn’t save enough, then I’ll buy seeds. When I buy, I like to make sure it’s from a reputable source (like our garden center). Some online websites can be a little sketchy and send you seeds that are old/ simply don’t germinate. We carry Livingston seeds, and they’re always a hit!

If you want to see the seeds I’m most excited about growing, check out this post.

Light source

starting seeds indoors

I recommend you have a greenhouse, a grow light, or the sunniest window you can find to place your seeds under.

If you’re using a grow light, you don’t need the best one on the market. Just something with enough light that your seedlings will not get leggy. Make sure to follow the light’s recommendations for how far you should put the light away from your plants. Too close and they’ll burn. Not close enough and the plants will start stretching and get leggy. And if you’re using grow lights, put them on a timer like this one! This will help you immensely. Set the timer to have the lights on for 16 hours and off for 8 hours. This is the amount of light the seeds will need to germinate.


You need a nice, loamy soil to give your seedlings a really easy space to put out its first roots. I made my own potting mix this year using a 1:1:1 ratio of peat moss, topsoil, and perlite. I like making sure there’s plenty of perlite, as a personal preference. This is mainly to help with over-watering. If I’ve learned one thing throughout my trials and tribulations of gardening, it’s that I have a tendency to over-water. The perlite acts as aeration and helps with fast-drainage, which ensures my plants are never sitting in water, which can lead to root-rot/seeds not germinating.


starting seeds indoors

I like to use seed trays, like the one pictured above, for planting up my seeds. Really any small pot will work. Having a smaller pot will help you make sure you aren’t watering too much and will help when transplanting.

Fill your pots with soil, lightly. Don’t tamp it down too hard.

Spray bottle

After you plant the seeds, lightly water them in. For this you want to use a spray bottle or anything with a light flow. You don’t want to dump a cup of water on it because that will displace the seeds. Keep the seeds damp but not wet until they germinate.

Are you going to be starting seeds indoors this year? Or do you prefer to direct sow the majority of the seeds? Let us know in the comments!

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